University of Chicago Library, Goodspeed Manuscript Collection Ms. 166, Trephologion (John Adam Service Book). Greg. l 1600. Italy or Greece, 16th century.


Trephologion or Festal Menaion in Greek. Contains liturgical texts, canons and hymns for major fixed feasts and important saints. Indications of mode and instructions for repetition are paired with texts. Addition of mid-19th century drawings. Formerly Goodspeed Ms. Grk. 18.

  1. fols. 2r-19v November 13: Service (lacking).
    Note: Bound out of order.
  2. fols. 20r-33r September 8: Birth of our most Holy Lady, the Theotokos.
  3. fols. 33r-44v September 14: Elevation of the precious and life-giving Cross (lacking).
  4. fols. 44v-63v October 26: Of the holy megalomartyr Demetrios.
  5. fols. 63v-81r November 8: Synaxis of the bodiless and heavenly orders of Angels.
  6. fols. 81r-98r November 21: Entry of the Holy Theotokos into the Temple in Jerusalem.
  7. fols. 98r-120v December 6: Of the holy father Nicholas, Bishop of Myra.
  8. fols. 121r-124r December 24: Eve of the Nativity of Christ.
  9. fols. 124r-145r December 25: Nativity of our Lord and God and Savior Jesus Christ.
  10. fols. 145v-167v January 1: Circumcision of Our Lord Jesus Christ; Of the holy father Basil the Great.
  11. fols. 167v-171r January 5: Eve of the Theophany.
  12. fols. 171v-213r January 6: Theophany of our Lord, God and Savior Jesus Christ.
  13. fols. 213v-224r January 7: Synaxis of John, the Prophet, Forerunner, and Baptist of the Lord.
  14. fol. 224r
    Colophon: Joannes Adam (dated January 15, 1852).
  15. fols. 224r-237v February 2: Presentation of Jesus Christ in the Temple of Jerusalem.
  16. fols. 238r-252v March 25: Annunciation of Our Most Holy Lady, the Theotokos.
  17. fols. 253r-273r April 23: Of the holy glorious megalomartyr George.
  18. fols. 273v-284v May 2: Of the holy father Athanasius the Great, bishop of Alexandria.
  19. fols. 284v-296v May 8: Of the holy apostle and evangelist John the Theologian.
  20. fols. 296v-316v June 24: Nativity of John the Baptist.
  21. fols. 316v-328v, 331r-331v, 329r-330v June 29: Of the holy glorious leaders of the apostles, Peter and Paul (lacking).
    Note: Leaves missing after fol. 328. The last four leaves are bound out of order. For correct sequence of text read, fols: 331, 329, 330.
  22. fols. 330v, 332r-332v July 20: Of the holy glorious prophet Elijah (lacking).
    Note: The last leaves are bound out of order. For correct sequence of text read, fols: 330, 332.


11 drawings in ink by Joannes Adam. Christ in Majesty (fol. 1v); Saint Nicholas (fol. 98r); Nativity of Jesus (fol. 124v); Baptism of Jesus (fol. 171v); Presentation of Jesus in the Temple (fol. 224r); Annunciation to the Virgin Mary (fol. 238r, dated 1856); Saint George (fol. 253r); Saint Athanasius (fol. 273v); Saint John the Evangelist (fol. 284v); Nativity of John the Baptist (fol. 296v); Apostle Peter and Apostle Paul (fol. 316v).


Headpieces decorated with leaf scrolls or interlace and floral motifs in red or black, and red and black.


Major initials (30-45 mm) of looped ribbon design set off from the text. Minor initials set off from the text in red or in purple.

Physical Description


Paper. 195 x 130 mm.


Watermarks similar to Briquet, Ancre dans un cercle, 514 (Udine, 1536); Fleur, 6683 (Rome, 1545-1550); Lettre M, 8371 (Modène, 1481-1483); Main 10734 (Syracuse, 1529); Tête de bœuf, 14794 (Brescia, 1461).

Owing to the manuscript's rebinding, the watermarks primarily are situated in the fold of the leaves are no longer visible.

Number of Leaves

332 leaves.


1-332. Modern foliation in Arabic numerals in pencil in lower margin. Earlier numbering in ink (upper outer corner).


43 quires of 8 leaves. Estimate of content lost: 1 to 3 leaves (service for November 13, begins on fol. 2r with the Theotokion preceding the Eisodos); unknown number of leaves (after fol. 19, service for November 13, ends after the Theotokion at the finish of Lauds); 1 leaf (after fol. 43, service for September 14, ends following the Great Doxology in the idiomelon); unknown number of leaves (after fol. 328, service for June 29); unknown number of leaves (after fol. 332, service for July 20).


Written space 145 x 90 mm (fol. 172r).


1 column, variants of 18 to 25 lines.


Written in minuscule script in black ink.

Punctuation includes full point, comma, colon, colon and dash, and the mark of interrogation. Several instances of quotation marks in the margins.

Text Divisions

Titles in red.


Trimmed presumably during the manuscript's rebinding of the late 19th or early 20th century, thus marring marginal drawings. Insect damage, random holes, and taped repairs. Water and grease stains.

Binding Description

Binding of half-cloth and paper over wood dated to the late 19th or early 20th century was removed in 2015. The manuscript was rebound in brown tooled goatskin with a linen lining over oak boards.



The manuscript is judged to have been written in either Italy or Greece, and is dated to the 16th century.


Provenance from the 16th to the 19th century is unknown. The manuscript may have belonged to Joannes Adam, who lived in the Greek region of Epirus, and who illustrated 10 of the texts (his colophon, fol. 224r; signature fol. 79v). The priest Brapos, whom Adam noted was his uncle, may also have been a one-time owner.

Notation dated 1856 (fol. 238r).


Acquired by the University of Chicago in 1930 from bookseller Athenas Grivakis with funds from an anonymous donor.


  1. Seymour de Ricci, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. (New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935), vol. 1, p. 572.
  2. Kenneth W. Clark, A Descriptive Catalogue of Greek New Testament Manuscripts in America (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1937), pp. 259-261.
  3. Merrill Mead Parvis, The Story of the Goodspeed Collection ([Chicago]: s.n., 1952), pp. 16.