University of Chicago Library, Goodspeed Manuscript Collection Ms. 943, New Testament. Epistles of Paul (2 Timothy and Titus Praxapostolos Fragment). Greg. 2425. 12th century.


Praxapostolos bifolium in Greek. Fragment of 2 Timothy and Titus. Euthalian sections and titles in the margins. Lectionary marginal apparatus consists of day and week number indications for lections in the Synaxarion and Menologion, scriptural sources, incipits, and index numbers for cross reference to a table of lections.

The extant index numbers 301 (ΤΑ), 302 (ΤΒ), 303 (ΤΓ), and 304 (ΤΔ) offer evidence that the Praxapostolos of which the bifolium was a part was indexed as a whole. Formerly Goodspeed Ms. Grk. 44.

  1. fol. 109r 2 Timothy 3:6-4:3 (begins at verse 6 with αμαρτιαισ). Lection references in the margin: Sunday, Week 33 after Pentecost (Week 10 before Easter), 2 Timothy 3:10-15. Tuesday, Week 28 after Pentecost, 2 Timothy 3:16-4:4.
  2. fol. 109v 2 Timothy 4:3-16. Lection references in the margin: Sunday before Theophany (Feast of Lights), 2 Timothy 4:5-8. Wednesday, Week 28 after Pentecost, 2 Timothy 4:9-22.
  3. fol. 110r 2 Timothy 4:16-22. Subscription and stichoi (172). Euthalius, Hypothesis of Titus.
  4. fol. 110v Titus 1:1-3 (ends at verse 3 with επιστευθην).

Physical Description


Parchment. 140 x 120 mm.

Number of Leaves

1 bifolium.


109-110. Modern foliation in Arabic numerals in pencil.


Written space 110 x 85 mm (fol. 109v).


1 column, 27 lines. Ruling with hard point.


Written in minuscule script in brown ink. Lectionary marginalia in brown and red (faded).

Punctuation includes middle and low points, comma, and colon with dash.

Text Divisions

Lection indicators, abbreviation for αρχε (beginning) and τελος (end) in the margins.


Leaves are slightly cockled. Occasional tears. Grease marks.

Binding Description

Bound by R.R. Donnelley & Sons Company in green linen over cardboard. Spine labeled in gilt: Praxapostolos Frag. II Tim.-Titus-12/13 cent.



The manuscript to which the present bifolium belonged is judged to have been written in the 12th century. A place of origin is unknown. Extant index numbers indicate the Catholic Epistles were positioned before the Epistles of Paul, an arrangement reversed in the 12th century to corresponded to a change in reading order during the ecclesiastical year.


Medieval to early 20th century provenance unknown. The University of Chicago received the bifolium from Hika Blloshmi of New York in January 1932. At that time, the manuscript source was said to contain 109 leaves, and be in the possession of the Albanian Consul of Thessaloniki, Greece.

Beginning chapter and verse noted on related leaves in pencil. Notation in ink, 218 page, 109 fletë, 1 qui ni...(fol. 110v, margin).


Added to the manuscript collection of the University of Chicago in 1940.


  1. Merrill Mead Parvis, The Story of the Goodspeed Collection ([Chicago]: s.n., 1952), p. 24.
  2. C. U. Faye and W. H. Bond, Supplement to the Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York: Bibliographical Society of America, 1962), p. 163.